An Outline Of Benjamin Franklins Early Life

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An Outline Of Benjamin Franklins Early Life

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The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin Summary (From Shmoop)

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Leo Lemay and P. Zall, Franklin began writing part one of the autobiography in July or August of , which is also when he most likely authored an outline for the whole work. In a letter to Franklin that was ultimately included in the autobiography, James wrote of the work:. Franklin subsequently completed Part Two while living in France in Part Three was authored in after Franklin returned to the United States, and Part Four was authored by an ailing Franklin in the final stages of his life. The Autobiography remained unpublished during Franklin's lifetime.

This translation of Part One only was based on a flawed transcript made of Franklin's manuscript before he had revised it. This French translation was then retranslated into English in two London publications of , and one of the London editions served as a basis for a retranslation into French in in an edition which also included a fragment of Part Two. Franklin did not include Part Four because he had previously traded away the original hand-written holograph of the Autobiography for a copy that contained only the first three parts. Furthermore, he felt free to make unauthoritative stylistic revisions to his grandfather's autobiography, and on occasion followed the translated and retranslated versions mentioned above rather than Ben Franklin's original text.

Franklin's text was the standard version of the Autobiography for half a century, until John Bigelow purchased the original manuscript in France and in published the most reliable text that had yet appeared, including the first English publication of Part Four. In , J. Zall produced The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin: A Genetic Text, attempting to show all revisions and cancellations in the holograph manuscript. This, the most accurate edition of all so far published, served as a basis for Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography: A Norton Critical Edition and for the text of this autobiography printed in the Library of America's edition of Franklin's Writings.

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin also became the first full-length audiobook in history, which was voiced by actor Michael Rye and released in In Frank Woodworth Pine's introduction of the publication published by Henry Holt and Company, Pine wrote that Franklin's biography provided the "most remarkable of all the remarkable histories of our self-made men" with Franklin as the greatest exemplar of the " self-made man ".

Franklin is a good type of our American manhood. Although not the wealthiest or the most powerful, he is undoubtedly, in the versatility of his genius and achievements, the greatest of our self-made men. The simple yet graphic story in the Autobiography of his steady rise from humble boyhood in a tallow-chandler shop, by industry, economy, and perseverance in self-improvement, to eminence, is the most remarkable of all the remarkable histories of our self-made men. It is in itself a wonderful illustration of the results possible to be attained in a land of unequaled opportunity by following Franklin's maxims.

Franklin's Autobiography has received widespread praise, both for its historical value as a record of an important early American and for its literary style. It is often considered the first American book to be taken seriously by Europeans as literature. So much so that Mark Twain wrote an essay humorously castigating Franklin for having "brought affliction to millions of boys since, whose fathers had read Franklin's pernicious biography". Lawrence wrote a notable invective against the "middle-sized, sturdy, snuff-coloured Doctor Franklin" [8] in , finding considerable fault with Franklin's attempt at crafting precepts of virtue and at perfecting himself.

Nevertheless, responses to The Autobiography have generally been more positive than Twain's or Lawrence's, with most readers recognizing it as a classic of literature and relating to the narrative voice of the author. In this work, Franklin's persona comes alive and presents a man whose greatness does not keep him from being down-to-earth and approachable, who faces up to mistakes and blunders "errata" he has committed in life, and who presents personal success as something within the reach of anyone willing to work hard enough for it. Lose no time; be always employ'd in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.

Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or reputation. Imitate Jesus and Socrates. As it was previously established, the virtues that were shown above appear in Franklin's autobiography, specifically in section IX Plan for Attaining Moral Perfection. Franklin was strongly embedded to attain the custom to practice all of these virtues. However, as this being clearly not an easy task, Franklin decided to divide his goals into small, yet achievable tasks.

At first, Franklin wanted to master first one virtue, then move on to another and so on, until he reached in a chronological order— as shown above— the thirteen virtues. Franklin was an extremely systematic person, or at least he gives that impression for the plans that he shows within this section regarding how he would attain his goals. He purposely ordered all of the virtues, since it was thought to be a series of steps. Once he reached or enhanced a virtue it would become more feasible to try and achieve the next one. As a matter of fact, Franklin had a small book in which he jotted down on separate pages the virtue in which he was focusing the most for the week, and on a small place of the notebook he wrote the initial of the other virtues.

The reason why Franklin decided to do this was, because he did not want to leave aside the other virtues, he wanted to keep practicing them daily. In case Franklin did not fulfill his ideal of any virtue on that specific day, he would mark that day and virtue with a black spot. By applying this method, Franklin thought he would have become able to achieve the thirteen virtues within a period of thirteen weeks, and in a full year enhance by 4 times these thirteen virtues.

To Franklin achieving the virtues was not something temporary, but yet something that must be constantly practiced. Additionally, since Franklin did really strived to live a life of virtue, he did not only settle to have weekly, monthly or yearly planning. He had daily planning including what he was going to do at every hour and period of the day. Nonetheless, after a while Franklin decided to only practice as an overall once a year for thirteen weeks his thirteen virtues. Franklin, as described throughout his whole autobiography, had a deep knowledge for various authors, since he as a child wanted to learn, read and most importantly to be informed.

The little prayer stated the following:. Increase in me that wisdom which discovers my truest interest. Strengthen my resolutions to perform what that wisdom dictates. Accept my kind offices to thy other children as the only return in my power for thy continual favours to me. As seen from the past passage from Franklin, it is clear that he does not only want to achieve these virtues, but instead he wishes to reach the maximum level that the virtues offer.

Additionally, throughout this specific section— section IX — Franklin mostly emphasizes four of his thirteen virtues, which are: temperance, silence, order and humility. Regarding, the first virtue— temperance. In relation to the second virtue—silence— it allows for a person to gain knowledge at a greater level, since they will acquire it not by talking, but instead by listening to others, a virtue that in reality is quite hard to practice. Furthermore, passing to the third virtue —order— Franklin explains that this virtue was one of the most difficult ones to pursue, since following an order is not precisely easy.

They are external factors that we as individuals cannot control and that will affect, whatsoever plan that we have had before. Henceforth, it is clear that Franklin did to some extent with his allusion to the speckled ax, achieved the virtues, probably not at their fullest potential, but it led him to live a fulfilling life. Mostly, because it was not particularly focused on any religion or sect, but purely on the virtues that he believed that would lead humans to a fulfilling life by the art of virtue. This until a Quaker friend from Franklin told him that he was generally thought of as having too much pride, to the point where he corrected people and sometimes believed that the only right reasoning was only his.

Also, Franklin decided to work on not contradicting others so abruptly, but instead to wait and listen and if necessary then give his point of view on how he would be contradicting that idea. As a matter of fact, it can be concluded that Franklin indeed was a man who tried to live a virtuous life. Not only by principle, but most importantly by reflecting on how he could improve day by day. Additionally, Franklin decided to plan daily, weekly, monthly and yearly in order to achieve the virtue he wanted. To some extent, it can be affirmed that he reached these virtues, because he understood that attaining perfection was not for humans.

But instead it was for humans to strive to live by those principles, and thus that would lead them to a fulfilling and happy life just as he confirmed after some years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Illustrated by E. Boyd Smith. Henry Holt and Company via Gutenberg Press. Lemay, J. Leo; Zall, Paul M. Benjamin Franklin's autobiography : an authoritative text, backgrounds, criticism.

New York: Norton. ISBN Founder of the Day. Retrieved Essays and Sketches of Mark Twain , p. The Oxford Companion to English Literature , p. Oxford University Press. Benjamin Franklin. Join, or Die. Bache grandson Louis F. Category Commons. Whatever your passion, Hobbizine helps you enjoy your favorite hobbies and pastimes to the fullest. Search by photo or text description. Find Vintage 2 Cent Us Postage stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Postage Stamps by Herbert Booker. Fresh color, original gum, hinge remnants.

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George Washington. US 73 2 Cent Jackson. Indian Head Cents — All Indian head cents have no mintmark with the exception of and in which case the mark is on the reverse beneath the wreath. This is a Washington stamp made in the 's it is rare because they are hard to find and it has a two sides with solid perforation errors and one regular perforation error used in very fine condition no returns postage pd a stamp with this type Rare rose red George washington 2 cent stamp Etsy. Note the "Two cents" vs "2 cent 2" denominations Examples. This is very rare 3cent stamp it has a ink error in the bottom part of the 3 the purple did not all print out I have a few of these and all the rest are solid2-Clicks, identifying postage stamps, how to identify old postage stamps, post stamp identivication guide.

Now that we know that much Is the perforations all-around the stamp? Maybe the perforations lie on it's top and bottom vert. Stamp Identifier. All stamp sizes have been fixed to either 2" in width or 2" in height. You will have to completely identify the stamp to find a value. Washington 2 Cent Designs For To See more ideas about Stamp, Carmine, Postage stamps. But there is also a listing for a carmine lake stamp Scott b with a 0 catalog value in italics.

The first Washington-Franklin stamp issued was a two-cent red Washington-head, issued on November 16, , to pay the first class postage on a standard letter. Love it 0. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Perhaps you need to properly identify a large group you plan to resell? Math Postage Stamp Problem. The postal rate was raised briefly from 1 cent to 2 cents in and in ; the conclusive raise to 2 cents was in His boyhood home was later pictured on a stamp as well.

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The 1 and 5 cent vertical pairs, and 2 cent horizontal strip of 4 come, from the exact center of the subject pane. You can now browse the page looking for keywords to match up to your stamp. Packed with information on stamp and coin collecting, robotics and electronics, dolls and miniatures, model railroads, rc cars and planes, sports cards and much more.

Original US stamp 2 cents George Washington red line. Stamps from Plate 3 have uneven or broken outer frame lines. If the price of stamps goes down as scheduled in April, it could cost the already hemorrhaging post office billion per year. Washington 2-cent Bureau issue clearly showing the triangles in the upper corners. For example, he can make 40 cents by using four 9-cent stamps and a 4-cent stamp, or by using ten 4-cent stamps. This stamp is a part of the Prominent Americans Series issued in and it is the first issue featuring George Washington. Postage stamps of the United States : an illus.

Be aware that many of these stamps have similar traits compared to the offset stamps. Like new condition. You have found the country the stamp is from. Below is a chart indicating the perforations of each Stamps Catalog. Post Office Dept. Only one value. On the Heinz catsup bottle, the first three digits identify the day of the year from Jan. See more ideas about stamp, carmine, postage stamps. Appearing at the same time was a 5-cent stamp with Booker T.

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The 2-cent Type VII stamps Scott B and b have the following characteristics: Numerous shading dots have been added to the top of Washington's head. In the 1 cent Franklin was redesigned with a frame similar to the 2 cent and 4 cent stamps. They were printed in red, blue, orange, or green. Though the use of postage stamps continues to decline, the number of people interested in collecting books and old stamps is on the rise. Catalog values range from to 5, 2c roseMessage Scott.

Post Office between and Regency-Superior, Aug , Sale , Lot Shop with confidence. Ten types of stamp in denominations between one cent andGeorge Washington 2 cent stamp. Stamp Identifier uses advanced image recognition technology to find that stamp and provide you more details about it, courtesy of colnect. Here is a pic of one with caps on the top of the twos. Reissue of First U. Am I even right with the above steps. Two cent or three cent stamps seem to be the most common values affixed to cartes-de-visite.

The illustration is available for download in high resolution quality up to x and in EPS file format. Mint never hinged. Other services may provide help, note some identify in specific specialty areas: Mystic Stamp Company offers an identification service -worldwide identification. A Franklin, U. Stamps U. Whats it worth? Is it a coil stamp or a non-coil perforated or imperforate stamp?

George Washington profile, pony tail.

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