Bilingual Classroom: A Literature Review

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Bilingual Classroom: A Literature Review

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LITERATURE REVIEW: Step by step guide for writing an effective literature review

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Those in favor of bilingual education in America's schools, argue just the opposite. Proponents of bilingual education believe that when non-English speaking students are educated in both their native language and English, they're ability to learn and speak English is greatly enhanced; they learn English in a more efficient manner and they're able to continue learning core subjects math, history, science, etc. Bilingual education programs are in fact more expensive than English language only programs. However, does the cost of running such programs outway the benefit they provide?

Bilingual education appears to be the most effective way to teach students whose dominant, or native, language isn't English. The only other alternative to bilingual education is immersion—and studies have shown that immersion isn't cheap either. When students are taught math, science, history and other skills in a language they don't understand, content learning is completely lost and little meaningful progress is made. Proponents of bilingual education also argue that bilingualism in the United States is sometimes associated with immigration and may hold a stigma for those students who would benefit by learning in bilingual classrooms.

Opponents make the case that bilingual education allows minorities who speak a primary language other than English to resist assimilation and avoid learning and becoming fluent in English. You can learn more about the benefits of bilingual education by reading our article Learning a Foreign Language Supports Academic Achievement and Cognitive Development. Bilingual education, as a matter of law, has been around in some form or another since Ohio was one of the first states in the nation to authorize bilingual education German-English in the public school system. By the end of the 19th about a dozen other states had followed suite passing laws to allow several other languages Polish, Czech, Spanish, Norwegian, Spanish, French and Cherokee to be taught alongside English.

In my freshman year the students learn by mainly observing write students learn by mainly reading in the Harry Potter. By saying Bilingual Education Cummins means the usage of two or more languages in the classroom for instruction. This means that languages are used to teach and learn. The aim of the study is to describe the interdependent character of the languages used in bilingual classrooms and to make the picture clearer on how teachers and students use this practice bilingual pedagogy in classroom.

According to Lier ecological approach supposes the development of a new language with the development of the already existing one. Greese and Martin , consider classrooms as ecological Microsystems which define the choice and the policy of the languages used. By studying the language ecology we discover diversity in a particular …show more content… Cummins states that instruction should be done only using target language, and translation between the two languages should not be allowed.

On the one hand, many researchers like Zentella , Shin , Setati, Adler, Reed and Bapoo state the negative effects of the usage of two languages in the classroom. Baker , for instance, describes it with diglossia stating that each language has different social functions. In the second extract from another Gujarati class in another school bilingualism is viewed as an instructional strategy intended to clarify the pedagogic task, where teacher gives students a pair work and students are clarifying the task with teacher before getting down to work. In the third extract, the use of both languages is the interactional pattern between the teacher using English, while the student insisting on Gujarati.

In the fourth extract, bilingualism, observed and interviewed from the Mandarin school in the Chinese case study where the teacher does storytelling, is intended for engaging students, clarifying the conveyed message that is not achievable through the L2 and for questioning and challenging the story. The fifth extract comes from the same Chinese school, where the aim of bilingualism is to make a bilingual label quest, where translation method performs a strategy of accomplishing one task before passing to another one.

In the sixth and the last extract, the use of both languages comes from the Cantonese complementary school that presents another bilingual label quest, which is student-initiated, focusing on key. Show More. Read More. Multicultural Observation Words 5 Pages That standard concentrates on speaking and listening. Second Language Observation Words 5 Pages In order to increase my understanding of how students acquire a second language, I observed four class sessions of students learning a foreign language. Watson's Theory Of Behaviorism Words 3 Pages When it is taken into account in the field of language teaching, it shows how languages are learned.

Effective Communication In The Classroom Essay Words 7 Pages However, it will be very challenging for both teachers and students in a bilingual classroom. Effective Classroom Management: The Importance Of Classroom Management Words 4 Pages The research will discuss the two components of effective classroom management: 1 the rules and procedures, and 2 the teacher-student relationship. Emergennt Bilingual Student Analysis Words 8 Pages Translanguaging pedagogies incorporate every practice that is opposed to the classification of English, alternatively establishing English proficiency using the home language as a scaffold. English Language Learners: A Case Study Words 5 Pages If they are structured to support student-to-student or group interaction, ELLs are required to use English language to explain concepts and contribute to the work.

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