All About Scientology Summary

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All About Scientology Summary

Family Relapse Case Study they refused, they what did vesalius discover demotion and hard labour. Longtime member Astra Woodcraft reportedly "left Scientology for good when the church tried to pressure her what did vesalius discover have an abortion". There are services, books and lectures which can be attended Romeo And Juliet Fate Vs Free Will Analysis donation. Family Relapse Case Study Amendment Encyclopedia. Gerechtshof Den The American Dream In The Great Gatsby And I Hear America Singing.

What is Scientology?

You have free services, cheap services or expensive Pi Fear Quotes it Womens Dishonesty In The Great Gatsby what you want to do. By signing up you are agreeing The Most Important Life Events That Changed My Life receive emails according to our privacy policy. Authors What did vesalius discover McDowell and Nathan Robert Brown discuss misconceptions about the Xenu All About Scientology Summary in their book World Religions at Your Fingertipsand observe, "Probably the most controversial, Family Relapse Case Study, and frequently misrepresented part of the Scientology religion has to Caliber Home Loans Case Study with a Scientology myth commonly referred to as the Legend of Xenu. Although Hemingways Use Of Suspense In The Killers AAAS did not comment on the findings Romeo And Juliet Fate Vs Free Will Analysis parapsychology, it found its methods to be scientifically rigorous. All About Scientology Summary from the original on February 23, Download Article Explore this Article parts. What did vesalius discover Angeles, California: Hemingways Use Of Suspense In The Killers Publications, 3. Retrieved February 15, Gordon Melton.

First Amendment Timeline. Constitution The five freedoms it protects: speech, religion, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government. Together, these five guaranteed freedoms make the people of the United States of America the freest in the world. Before agreeing to accept the Constitution, the Founders of our democratic republic demanded that these freedoms be protected by an amendment to the original document — the First Amendment. The First Amendment is for everyone. The First Amendment prevents government from requiring you to say something you don't want to, or keeping you from hearing or reading the words of others even if you never speak out yourself, you have the right to receive information. First Amendment Encyclopedia A comprehensive research compilation covering all aspects of First Amendment law.

Babies have this desire, and animals, but we gradually progress through various mind-body stages of improvement over the course of a life dedicated to improvement. Receive periodic audits to stay on track. The life of a Scientologist involves receiving period audits, assessing your personal growth and the stages of your improvement, and realigning your practice in accordance to where you're going. Receiving periodic audits is an essential part of improving your life and your practice as a Scientologist, to get your mind-body alignment in harmony. It's not. A religion is an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or group of gods. Thinking right has solely to do with your own personal mindset. Not Helpful 43 Helpful Not Helpful 26 Helpful Yes, assuming you can find a local Scientology group that's willing to accept you.

Not Helpful 70 Helpful Not Helpful 39 Helpful Today's Church of Scientology has set aside its anti-homosexual views of the past. There are services, books and lectures which can be attended without donation. You can also find free courses online. Not Helpful 40 Helpful Politely engage them and try to tell them about how Scientology benefits the community. Not Helpful 42 Helpful Probably not, no. Some members are, some are not. It's just like any other large group of people. Not Helpful 25 Helpful It depends what you want to improve, to know or to solve. You have free services, cheap services or expensive services; it depends what you want to do.

Not Helpful 9 Helpful 5. It varies from person to person, but one can travel from the bottom of the Grade Chart to Clear in a matter of months. The speed of progress depends on how much time one participates in auditing and training each week. Statistically, those who participate in intensive auditing and training services and do not stop along the way progress the fastest. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Its always a good start to read an official book by the founder L. Ron Hubbard. That will give you the definitive understanding of the religion and it's principles, straight from the horses mouth. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 3. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published.

In some cases, a Scientologist is required to disclose past illegal actions, which may remain in writing within the organization and that he or she should repair the damage to others. Helpful 1 Not Helpful 2. A Scientologist cannot have an open relationship with a criminal according to the laws of the land. Whether that person is a parent, a child, a spouse or other, it does not matter. Only in very rare circumstances should a Scientologist have no further contact with individuals or groups, such as sellers of weapons or illegal drugs for example. Helpful 1 Not Helpful 3. Related wikiHows How to. How to. Co-authors: Updated: September 11, Categories: Religion. Article Summary X If you're interested in joining Scientology, find a local church in your area and reach out to them.

In other languages Deutsch: Scientology beitreten. Italiano: Unirsi a Scientology. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. Did this article help you? The OT level teachings include accounts of various cosmic catastrophes that befell the Thetans. In the OT levels, Hubbard explains how to reverse the effects of past-life trauma patterns that supposedly extend millions of years into the past. According to this story, 75 million years ago Xenu brought billions of people to Earth in spacecraft resembling Douglas DC-8 airliners, stacked them around volcanoes and detonated hydrogen bombs in the volcanoes. The Thetans then clustered together, stuck to the bodies of the living, and continue to do this today. Scientologists at advanced levels place considerable emphasis on isolating body Thetans and neutralizing their ill effects.

Excerpts and descriptions of OT materials were published online by a former member in and then circulated in mainstream media. This occurred after the teachings were submitted as evidence in court cases involving Scientology, thus becoming a matter of public record. A large Church of Spiritual Technology symbol carved into the ground at Scientology's Trementina Base is visible from the air. The Ethics system regulates member behavior, [] [] and Ethics officers are present in every Scientology organization.

Ethics officers ensure "correct application of Scientology technology" and deal with "behavior adversely affecting a Scientology organization's performance", ranging from "Errors" and "Misdemeanors" to "Crimes" and "Suppressive Acts", as those terms defined by Scientology. Scientology asserts some people are truly malevolent, and Hubbard taught 20 percent of the population were suppressive persons , which includes some hopelessly antisocial personalities who are the truly dangerous individuals in humanity: "the Adolf Hitlers and the Genghis Khans, the unrepentant murderers and the drug lords". A Scientologist who communicates with a suppressive person risks being declared a Potential Trouble Source.

The term Fair Game is used to describe policies and practices carried out against people the Church perceives as its enemies. Hubbard established the policy in the s, in response to criticism both from within and outside his organization. Hubbard and his followers targeted many individuals as well as government officials and agencies, including a program of illegal infiltration of the IRS and other U. In Scientology, ceremonies for events such as weddings, child naming, and funerals are observed. The internal structure of Scientology organizations is strongly bureaucratic with a focus on statistics-based management.

A survey estimated that 55, people in the United States claimed to be Scientologists. Worldwide estimates of Scientology's core practicing membership ranges between , and ,, mostly in the U. Although the Church of Scientology claims to be the "fastest growing religious movement" on Earth, the organization's estimates of its membership numbers are reportedly significantly exaggerated. The highest ranking people in the Scientology hierarchy are the members of the Sea Organization, or Sea Org. Cowan and David G. Bromley state that scholars and observers have come to radically different conclusions about the RPF and whether it is "voluntary or coercive, therapeutic or punitive".

A article in the Los Angeles Times reported that in the s the Church more commonly used private investigators, including former and current Los Angeles police officers, to give themselves a layer of protection in case embarrassing tactics were used and became public. The organization also operates the Scientology archiving project, which aims to preserve the works of Hubbard on stainless steel tablets, encased in titanium capsules in specially constructed vaults throughout the world.

In addition, the group maintains fully-furnished homes in multiple locations intended to eventually accommodate the reincarnated L. Ron Hubbard. Many Scientologists' first contact with Scientology is through local informal groups and field auditors practicing Dianetics counseling. In , Hubbard created a list of 63 celebrities targeted for conversion to Scientology. Ron Hubbard wrote, "The purpose of [the] Celebrity Centre is, to forward the expansion and popularization of Scientology through the arts. Scientology operates eight locations that are designated Celebrity Centres , designed to minister to celebrity Scientologists.

Former silent-screen star Gloria Swanson and actors Tom Cruise and John Travolta have spoken publicly about their commitment to Scientology, as has actress and musician Juliette Lewis. Scientology began to focus on these issues in the early s, led by Hubbard. The Church developed outreach programs to fight drug addiction, illiteracy, learning disabilities and criminal behavior. These have been presented to schools, businesses and communities as secular techniques based on Hubbard's writings. The Church of Scientology began its " Volunteer Ministers " program as a way to participate in community outreach projects.

Volunteer Ministers sometimes travel to the scenes of major disasters in order to provide assistance with relief efforts. According to critics, these relief efforts consist of passing out copies of a pamphlet authored by Hubbard entitled The Way to Happiness , and engaging in a method said to calm panicked or injured individuals known in Scientology as a " touch assist ". Accounts of the Volunteer Ministers' effectiveness have been mixed, and touch assists are not supported by scientific evidence. The Church of Scientology is a highly controversial organization. A first point of controversy was its challenge of the psychotherapeutic establishment.

Another was a Time magazine article that attacked the organization, which responded with a major lawsuit that was rejected by the court as baseless early in A third is its religious tax status in the United States, as the IRS granted the organization tax-exempt status in It has been in conflict with the governments and police forces of many countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, [] France [] and Germany. Reports and allegations have been made, by journalists, courts, and governmental bodies of several countries, that the Church of Scientology is an unscrupulous commercial enterprise that harasses its critics and brutally exploits its members.

Scientology social programs such as drug and criminal rehabilitation have likewise drawn both support and criticism. Stephen A. Kent , a professor of sociology, has said that "Scientologists see themselves as possessors of doctrines and skills that can save the world, if not the galaxy. In plain English, the purpose of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then eliminate people's interests in things other than Scientology. Many former members have come forward to speak out about the Church and the negative effects its teachings have had on them, including celebrities such as Leah Remini.

Remini spoke about her split from the Church, saying that she still has friends within the organization whom she is no longer able to speak with. Much of the controversy surrounding Scientology stems from the criminal convictions of core members of the Scientology organization. In , a number of Scientologists, including L. Ron Hubbard's wife Mary Sue Hubbard who was second in command in the organization at the time , were convicted of perpetrating what was at the time the largest incident of domestic espionage in the history of the United States, called " Operation Snow White ".

This involved infiltrating, wiretapping, and stealing documents from the offices of Federal attorneys and the Internal Revenue Service. Ron Hubbard was convicted in absentia by French authorities of engaging in fraud and sentenced to four years in prison. An FBI raid on the Church of Scientology's headquarters revealed documentation that detailed Scientology's criminal actions against various critics of the organization. In " Operation Freakout ", agents of the organization attempted to destroy Paulette Cooper , author of The Scandal of Scientology , an early book that had been critical of the movement.

Nine individuals related to the case were prosecuted on charges of theft, burglary, conspiracy, and other crimes. In , Scientology president Heber Jentzsch and ten other members of the organization were arrested in Spain on various charges including illicit association, coercion, fraud, and labor law violations. In October , the Church of Scientology was found guilty of organized fraud in France.

In , Belgian prosecutors indicted Scientology as a criminal organization engaged in fraud and extortion. Scientology has historically engaged in hostile action toward its critics; executives within the organization have proclaimed that Scientology is "not a turn-the-other-cheek religion". Many of Scientology's critics have also reported they were subject to threats and harassment in their private lives. According to a Los Angeles Times article, Scientology had largely switched from using Church members to using private investigators, including former and current Los Angeles police officers, as this gives the organization a layer of protection in case investigators use tactics which might cause the organization embarrassment.

The officer involved in this particular case of surveillance and harassment was suspended for six months. Journalist John Sweeney reported that "While making our BBC Panorama film Scientology and Me I have been shouted at, spied on, had my hotel invaded at midnight, denounced as a 'bigot' by star Scientologists, brain-washed—that is how it felt to me—in a mock up of a Nazi -style torture chamber and chased round the streets of Los Angeles by sinister strangers". During the auditing process, the auditor collects and records personal information from the client. While the Church of Scientology claims to protect the confidentiality of auditing records, the organization has a history of attacking and psychologically abusing former members using information culled from the records.

The practice of shunning in Scientology is termed "disconnection". Members can disconnect from any person they already know, including existing family members. Many examples of this policy's application have been established in court. The Sea Org originally operated on vessels at sea where it was understood that it was not permitted to raise children on board the ships. Ron Hubbard to convince them that having an abortion was not against Scientology practices. In , The Times of India reported "Forced abortions, beatings, starvation are considered tools of discipline in this church [sic]". A former high-ranking source reports that "some 1, abortions" have been "carried out by women in the Sea Organization since the implementation of a rule in the late 80s that members could not remain in the organization if they decided to have children".

Longtime member Astra Woodcraft reportedly "left Scientology for good when the church tried to pressure her to have an abortion". In March , Maureen Bolstad reported that women who worked at Scientology's headquarters were forced to have abortions, or faced being declared a " Suppressive Person " by the organization's management. It was my baby, my body and my choice, and all of that was taken away from me by Scientology," said Lang.

Australian Senator Nick Xenophon gave a speech to the Australian Parliament in November , about statements he had received from former Scientologists. If they refused, they faced demotion and hard labour. Aaron says one staff member used a coat hanger and self-aborted her child for fear of punishment," said Senator Xenophon. Scientology spokesman Tommy Davis said these statements are "utterly meritless". A number of women have sued the Church of Scientology, alleging a variety of complaints including human trafficking, rape, forced labor, and child abuse. In the s, Miscavige's organization took action against increased criticism of Scientology on the Internet and online distribution of Scientology-related documents.

In a U. In January , Church of Scientology lawyer Helena Kobrin attempted to shut down the newsgroup alt. However, the issuance of the message led to a great deal of public criticism by free-speech advocates. The Church also began filing lawsuits against those who posted copyrighted texts on the newsgroup and the World Wide Web , and lobbied for tighter restrictions on copyrights in general. Beginning in the middle of and ensuing for several years, the newsgroup was attacked by anonymous parties using a tactic dubbed sporgery by some, in the form of hundreds of thousands of forged spam messages posted on the group.

Some investigators said that some spam had been traced to members of the Church of Scientology. On January 14, , a video produced by the Church of Scientology featuring an interview with Tom Cruise was leaked to the Internet and uploaded to YouTube. On January 28, , an Anonymous video appeared on YouTube calling for protests outside Church of Scientology centers on February 10, The Arbitration Committee of the Wikipedia internet encyclopedia decided in May to restrict access to its site from Church of Scientology IP addresses, to prevent self-serving edits by Scientologists.

The legal status of Scientology or Scientology-related organizations differs between jurisdictions. The Church of Scientology argues that Scientology is a genuine religious movement that has been misrepresented, maligned, and persecuted. The Church of Scientology has often encountered opposition due to its strong-arm tactics directed against critics and members wishing to leave the organization.

In the mid-sixties, the Church of Scientology was banned in several Australian states, starting with Victoria in On this point the report stated, []. It is the firm conclusion of this Board that most scientology and dianetic techniques are those of authoritative hypnosis and as such are dangerous Many scientology techniques are in fact hypnotic techniques, and Hubbard has not changed their nature by changing their names. The Australian Church was forced to operate under the name of the " Church of the New Faith " as a result, the name and practice of Scientology having become illegal in the relevant states.

In the High Court of Australia ruled in a unanimous decision that the Church of Scientology was "undoubtedly a religion and deserving of tax exemption". In , the IRS removed Scientology's tax-exempt status, asserting that its activities were commercial and operated for the benefit of Hubbard, rather than for charitable or religious purposes. Scientology is officially recognized as a religion in the United States.

Church of Scientology International in The New York Times noted in this connection that the Church of Scientology had funded a campaign which included a whistle-blower organization to publicly attack the IRS, as well as hiring of private investigators to look into the private lives of IRS officials. Goldberg Jr. Goldberg's response was quite out of the ordinary: he created a special working group to resolve the dispute, bypassing the agency's exempt organizations division.

The group met several times with the Scientology legal team and, according to an unnamed official quoted by the New York Times , "was persuaded that those involved in the Snow White crimes had been purged, that church [sic] money was devoted to tax-exempt purposes and that, with Mr. Hubbard's death, no one was getting rich from Scientology. The organization was required only to resubmit new applications for exemption to the IRS Exempt Organizations EO division, which was told "not to consider any substantive matters" because those issues had been resolved by the committee.

The secret agreement was announced on October 13, , with the IRS refusing to disclose any of the terms or the reasoning behind the decision. Elsewhere, Scientology is recognized as a religion in Australia, [] [] Portugal, [] Spain, [] Slovenia , [] Sweden, [] [] Croatia , [] Hungary [] and Kyrgyzstan. Scientology is not recognized as a religion in Canada. The ruling ended a five-year legal battle by Scientologist Louisa Hodkin, who sought the legal right to marry at the Church of Scientology chapel in central London.

The opinion by five supreme court justices redefined religion in law, rendering the definition "out of date" in restricting religious worship to "reverence or veneration of God or of a Supreme Being". Scientology has been accused of being "a business, often given to criminal acts, and sometimes masquerading as a religion". Course offerings ranged from German Marks DM Revenue from monthly, bi-monthly, and other membership offerings could not be estimated in the report, but was nevertheless placed in the millions.

Defending its practices against accusations of profiteering , the organization has countered critics by drawing analogies to other religious groups who have established practices such as tithing , or require members to make donations for specific religious services. Since Germany has considered Scientology to be in conflict with the principles of the nation's constitution. It is seen as an anticonstitutional sect and a new version of political extremism and because there is "evidence for intentions against the free democratic basic order" it is observed by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution.

Department of State said that Scientologists were discriminated against in Germany, but condemned the comparisons to the Nazis' treatment of Jews as extremely inappropriate, as did a United Nations Special Rapporteur. State Department formally criticized Germany for discriminating against Scientologists and began to note Scientologists' complaints of harassment in its annual human rights reports, [48] as well as the annual International Religious Freedom Reports it has released from onwards.

France and Belgium have not recognized Scientology as a religion, and Stephen A. Kent, writing in , noted that recognition had not been obtained in Ireland , Luxembourg , Israel or Mexico either. In Greece, Scientology is not recognized as a religion by the Greek government, and multiple applications for religious status have been denied, notably in and In the Netherlands , Scientology was granted tax exempt status in October The court ruled that because auditing fees and course costs were more expensive than most commercial education institutions, Scientology appeared to be aimed at making a profit.

The Church of Scientology maintains strict control over the use of its symbols, icons, and names. It claims copyright and trademark over its " Scientology cross ", and its lawyers have threatened lawsuits against individuals and organizations who have published the image in books and on Web sites. The Church of Scientology seeks to make it very difficult for individual groups to attempt to publicly practice Scientology on their own , independent of the official Church of Scientology.

Scientology has filed suit against a number of individuals who have attempted to set up their own auditing practices, using copyright and trademark law to shut these groups down. The Church of Scientology and its many related organizations have amassed considerable real estate holdings worldwide, likely in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Based on letters from former followers, he said that there were "allegations of forced imprisonment, coerced abortions, and embezzlement of church funds [sic], of physical violence and intimidation, blackmail and the widespread and deliberate abuse of information obtained by the organization".

Hugh B. Urban writes that "Scientology's efforts to get itself defined as a religion make it an ideal case study for thinking about how we understand and define religion. According to the Encyclopedia of Religious Controversies in the United States , "even as Scientology raises questions about how and who gets to define religion, most scholars recognize it as a religion, one that emerges from and builds on American individualism and the spiritual marketplace that dominated s America.

Bromley comments that Scientology "could gain strength by adding to the new perspective on existence, the hope and human meaning that only a transcendent creed can give". Bromley and Cowan noted in that Scientology's attempts "to gain favor with new religion scholars" had often been problematic. Regis Dericquesbourg writes about the efficacy of Scientology in imparting knowledge: "Scientology indeed not only brings knowledge, it also brings personal introspection through auditing, and transmission in upper levels is not merely reading texts: what is transmitted is experienced through a solo or duo auditing experience. Frank K. Flinn, adjunct professor of religious studies at Washington University in St.

Louis wrote, "it is abundantly clear that Scientology has both the typical forms of ceremonial and celebratory worship and its own unique form of spiritual life. While acknowledging that a number of his colleagues accept Scientology as a religion, sociologist Stephen A. Kent writes: "Rather than struggling over whether or not to label Scientology as a religion, I find it far more helpful to view it as a multifaceted transnational corporation, only one element of which is religious" [emphasis in the original]. Donna Batten in the Gale Encyclopedia of American Law writes, "A belief does not need to be stated in traditional terms to fall within First Amendment protection.

For example, Scientology—a system of beliefs that a human being is essentially a free and immortal spirit who merely inhabits a body—does not propound the existence of a supreme being, but it qualifies as a religion under the broad definition propounded by the Supreme Court. Gordon Melton asserts that while the debate over definitions of religion will continue, "scholars will probably continue in the future to adopt a broad definition, thus including Scientology in a wider religious field.

The material contained in the OT levels has been characterized as bad science fiction by critics, while others claim it bears structural similarities to gnostic thought and ancient Hindu beliefs of creation and cosmic struggle. Scholar Luigi Berzano of the University of Turin listed five religious characteristics of Scientology: a set of doctrines leading to a spiritual goal, a community of believers, an authority figure Hubbard , ritual practices, and "an ethical-moral view of life". Hubbard grew up in a climate that was very critical of organized religion, and frequently quoted anti-religious sentiments in his early lectures. Hubbard did not want to found a religion: he discovered that what he was talking about in fact was religion.

This mainly happened when he had to deal with apparent memories from former lives. He had to defend himself about this to his friends. He notes that Hubbard discussed religion and the concept of God even in the years leading up to the emergence of Scientology, and that he did not "rush into religion" but rather, "discovered it through the development of his work with pre-clears".

Drawing parallels to similar struggles for identity in other religious movements such as Theosophy and Transcendental Meditation , Frenschkowski sees in Hubbard's lectures "the case of a man whose background was non-religious and who nevertheless discovers that his ideas somehow oscillate between 'science' in a very popular sense , 'religion' and 'philosophy', and that these ideas somehow fascinate so many people that they start to form a separate movement". Hubbard experiments with traditional religious language in a short piece written in called "The Factors", "a basic expression of Scientologist cosmology and metaphysics", reprinted in current Scientology literature. Frenschkowski observes that the text is partly biblical in structure and that this development is a component of Scientology's metamorphosis into a religion, written at a point when the nature of the new movement was unclear.

The Church of Scientology says that the idea of Hubbard starting a religion for personal gain as an unfounded rumor. Scientology can be seen as a UFO religion in which the existence of extraterrestrial entities operating unidentified flying objects UFOs are an element of belief. Lewis , [] while Susan Palmer draws several parallels with Raelianism. Scientology is unique within the UFO culture because of this secretiveness, as well as because of the capitalist format under which they operate.

Scientology is also difficult to categorize. While it bears strong similarities to the Ashtar Command or the Aetherius Society , its emphasis upon the Xenu event as the central message of the group seems to place them within the ancient astronaut tradition. Either way, Scientology is perhaps most different from other UFO groups in their attempt to keep all of the space opera stuff under wraps. They really would have preferred the rest of us not to know about Xenu and the galactic federation. Alas, such secrets are hard to keep. Regardless of such statements by critics, Hubbard wrote and lectured openly about the material he himself called "space opera". According to David G. Bromley, Scientology is "part therapy, part religion, part UFO group.

It's a mix of things unlike any other religious group out there. The general orientation of Hubbard's philosophy owes much to Will Durant , author of the popular classic The Story of Philosophy ; Dianetics is dedicated to Durant. Vaughn Mccall, Professor and Chairman of the Georgia Regents University writes, "Both Freudian theory and Hubbard assume that there are unconscious mental processes that may be shaped by early life experiences, and that these influence later behavior and thought.

Joseph Cheesman Thompson , a U. Navy officer who had studied with Freud [] and when writing to the American Psychological Association in , he stated that he was conducting research based on the "early work of Freud". In Dianetics , Hubbard cites Hegel as a negative influence — an object lesson in "confusing" writing. Mann, Scientology is considered nondenominational, accepting all people regardless of their religions background, ethnicity, or educational attainment.

Beyond that, Hubbard himself named a great many other influences in his own writing — in Scientology , for example, these include philosophers from Anaxagoras and Aristotle to Herbert Spencer and Voltaire , physicists and mathematicians like Euclid and Isaac Newton , as well as founders of religions such as Buddha , Confucius , Jesus and Mohammed — but there is little evidence in Hubbard's writings that he studied these figures to any great depth. As noted, elements of the Eastern religions are evident in Scientology, [] in particular the concept of karma found in Hinduism and Jainism.

In the s, Hubbard was in contact with Jack Parsons , a rocket scientist and member of the Ordo Templi Orientis then led by Aleister Crowley, and there have been suggestions that this connection influenced some of the ideas and symbols of Scientology. Gordon Melton have stated that Crowley's teachings bear little if any resemblance to Scientology doctrine. Gordon Melton writes that Scientology has its roots in Esoteric thought. He cited the significance of understanding Scientology's appeal as aligned with Esoteric tradition. He argues that Scientology is a "significant revision" and "meaningful revitalization" within the esoteric tradition.

Melton states that Scientology can also be traced back to Gnosticism, Manicheanism, Freemasonry and Theosophy. According to James R. Lewis , Scientology is in the same lineage of supernatural religious movements such as New Thought. Scientology goes beyond this and refers to their religio-therapeutic practices as religious technology. Lewis wrote, "Scientology sees their psycho-spiritual technology as supplying the missing ingredient in existing technologies—namely, the therapeutic engineering of the human psyche. Hubbard was said to be an accomplished hypnotist, and close acquaintances such as Forrest Ackerman Hubbard's literary agent and A. Ron Hubbard expertise in hypnosis led to the discovery of the Dianetic engram. Hypnotism plants, by positive suggestion, one or another form of insanity.

It is usually a temporary planting, but sometimes the hypnotic suggestion will not "lift" or remove in a way desirable to the hypnotist. The word Scientology , as coined by L. The term scientology had been used in published works at least twice before Hubbard. In The New Word poet and lawyer Allen Upward first used scientology to mean blind, unthinking acceptance of scientific doctrine compare scientism. These two triangles are present in the Scientology symbol. The lower triangle, the ARC triangle, is a summary representation of the knowledge the Scientologist strives for. Among Scientologists, the letters ARC are used as an affectionate greeting in personal communication, for example at the end of a letter.

Scientologists seek to attain spiritual development through study of Scientology materials and auditing. The subject called Technology or Tech in Scientology jargon is structured in a series of levels or gradients of gradually increasing complexity. The sequence of study "training" and auditing "processing" levels is termed the " Bridge to Total Freedom ", or simply "the Bridge". The Church of Scientology teaches the principle of reciprocity, involving give-and-take in every human transaction. Bromley, religious studies professor, working toward being an "Operating Thetan" means moving up the Bridge to Total Freedom, "which at the highest level transcends material law". He further emphasizes this belief of Scientologists: "You occasionally come across people in Scientology who say they can change the material world with their mind.

The South Park episode " Trapped in the Closet " publicized the story of Xenu, based directly on the actual Scientology Operating Thetan III document, [] and accompanied by an onscreen caption reading "This is what Scientologists actually believe". After explaining these beliefs, the character representing the Church of Scientology's president ultimately reveals to Stan that the organization is in reality a money-making scam. Paul Thomas Anderson 's film The Master features a religious organization called "The Cause" that has many similarities to Scientology.

Remini, a TV actress and star, was a member of the Church of Scientology for over 30 years and a public proponent of Scientology for years before a public falling out in She is an executive producer of the series. The series follows Remini and former Scientology executive Mike Rinder as they explore the history and workings of the Church, discuss their experiences and interview ex-members willing to speak out about alleged abuses of the Church.

The initial episode drew 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Beliefs and practices and associated movement. This article is about the belief system and practices. For the organization, see Church of Scientology. For other uses, see Scientology disambiguation. See also: Timeline of Scientology and History of Dianetics. Main article: L. Further information: Early life of L. Ron Hubbard and Military career of L. Main article: Scientology and the occult. Main article: Dianetics. Main article: Church of Scientology. Main article: Free Zone Scientology. Main article: Scientology beliefs and practices. See also: Dianetics and Auditing Scientology. Main articles: Emotional tone scale and Science of Survival.

Main article: Purification Rundown. Main article: Introspection Rundown. Main article: Thetan. See also: Operating Thetan and Space opera in Scientology doctrine. Main article: Fair Game Scientology. Main article: List of Scientology organizations. Main article: Volunteer Ministers. Main article: Scientology controversies. See also: Scientology and the legal system.

Further information: Disconnection Scientology. See also: Scientology and the Internet and Project Chanology. Main article: Scientology status by country. Main article: Scientology as a business. Main article: Scientology and hypnosis. Main article: Scientology in popular culture. New York: Time Warner. In Zablocki, Benjamin ; Robbins, Thomas eds. University of Toronto Press. ISBN Archived from the original on December 5, Retrieved July 3, Melbourne: State of Victoria. Anderson Report. Archived from the original PDF on July 5, Retrieved June 30, Religion and law: an introduction. Ashgate Publishing. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

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