Overeaters Anonymous Interview Analysis

Wednesday, March 2, 2022 10:32:44 PM

Overeaters Anonymous Interview Analysis



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FOOD and SUGAR ADDICTION Overeaters Anonymous OA 12 steps abstinence

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Thus, dealing with both intrusive thoughts and cravings seem essential to keep abstinent in recovery. The Elaborated Intrusion Theory of Desires 2 offers a framework that made a distinction between intrusive thoughts, and their elaboration Kavanagh et al. This theory has been used in clinical settings May et al. Outreaching OA tools such as phone calls to other members and the time spent writing, reading or meditating about personal thoughts and feelings might prevent the elaboration of intrusive thoughts which could lead to relapse. Thought control strategies such as social control and reappraisal Fehm and Hoyer, might explain the effectiveness of phone calls to other fellow-members. On the other hand, a simple writing about personal values such as relationships or religious beliefs could be considered an important self-affirmation technique in order to allow women to handle weight-related stress Logel and Cohen, Moreover, when it comes to writing about personal thoughts and feelings, it is demonstrated that this could be an important tool for ameliorating their impacts.

Mechanisms of writing may be similar to other cognitive-behavioral techniques such Association Splitting Moritz and Jelinek, The exercise of writing has been proven to be useful to reduce weight and shape concerns Musiat et al. Meetings and social support are considered some very important features in steps mutual-help groups Yates, Meetings provide a safe ground and an access to positive attachment figures.

Both meetings and social support facilitate a corrective emotional experience Hertz et al. Social support has been pointed out as an important element of success for OA members who perceive the program as effective Russell-Mayhew et al. From the point of view of the Cultural-Historical approach, the community itself is a collective teacher. Members of the community serve to model a healthy lifestyle to the newcomers Radionova, An interesting study assessed members of OA who attended meetings during an average of five years in OA Westphal and Smith, The majority of participants appeared to have met diagnostic criteria for eating disorders in the past, but only 8. A sponsor is a member with significant abstinence time and experience in working all the 12 steps.

The sponsor is someone who freely shares his or her experiences and offers guidance on how the newcomer may work the steps Dossett, The sponsor is the primary source of emotional support and psychological advice in OA Suler and Barthelomew, A mean of 3 years of abstinence has been observed amongst individuals with bulimia nervosa who attended five OA meetings per week and called their sponsor daily Malenbaum et al. Furthermore, having a mentor significantly improves treatment compliance for individuals in recovery from eating disorders Perez et al.

Emotional and spiritual recovery is also achieved in the context of interpersonal relations developed with the sponsor and other members by following the step program and its tools Hertz et al. In fact, many members attribute the effectiveness of the program to emotional and spiritual aspects of recovery Russell-Mayhew et al. A core concept commonly pointed out as a spiritual approach to addiction is powerlessness. Thus, addicts in recovery seek to be given the will to remain abstinent by a Higher Power Dossett, The importance of spirituality was also highlighted as predictor of success in members who have been in OA an average of 5 years Westphal and Smith, Nevertheless, there are many sources for spiritual connection for non-religious or skeptical individuals Hyland et al.

Hyland et al. A recent qualitative systematic revision of 53 peer-review articles pointed out some spiritual strengths related with long-term addiction recovery Selvam, : perspective, equanimity, humility, forgiveness, kindness, love and hope. It might be possible to develop such spiritual strengths by systematically using both, explicit and implicit tools of the Program Russell-Mayhew et al. In a textbook entitled Processed Food Addiction which dedicated an entire section to recovery was published Ifland et al.

Concepts such as abstinence, food plans, ability to avoid triggering, prayer and meditation, service and so on, are very similar to the tools offered in OA. Explicit and implicit tools should be studied more deeply in OA. To conduct studies on these tools is especially difficult because of the program's anonymous structure Russell-Mayhew et al. OA meetings only allow access to those who identify themselves as food addicts and they do not disclose their identity. For this reason, it could be difficult for researchers to contact the sample. However, the idea of integrating the steps framework with traditional psychotherapy to treat eating disorders is not new Johnson and Taylor, In spite of this, the effectiveness of some therapeutic approaches such as Self-help and its combination with supportive groups such as OA remains largely untested von Ranson and Farstad, A recent systematic revision showed that some non-specific supportive therapies such as self-help manuals, supportive orientation and supportive expression were equally efficacious to CBT for eating disorders Linardon et al.

These therapies usually make use of psychological techniques that are common to all approaches e. Between and , in Israel, obese women and with bulimia nervosa were treated in small group settings using the Minnesota twelve-step treatment model Trotzky, A mean weight loss of 9. Perhaps, a meta-recovery framework Winship, is needed in order to handle addictive-like eating behaviors. Because of this, combining medical assistance with step programs could provide long-term support to individuals after the initial treatment; thus, reducing the costs of mental health services during follow-up care Galanter, Abstinence is a way of avoiding such addictive-like-eating behaviors, by following a pre-designated food plan.

OA tools such as meetings, food plans, telephone calls and writing tend to be perceived by its members as the most useful to them. Spirituality is considered as a significant predictor of abstinence success and increased wellbeing. Combining medical assistance and psychological interventions with the OA framework could provide long-term support to individuals with addictive-like eating behaviors.

BR-M wrote the initial draft and conceptualized the fundamentals of this manuscript. BG-A reviewed the manuscript several times and substantially contributed to discussions and clarifications around both the topic discussed and its final version. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Finally, we are also grateful to both the Editor and Reviewer for their helpful comments and suggestions. An intrusive thought could emerge from an associative process linked with: physiological deficit, negative affect, external cues, other cognitive activity and anticipatory responses to the target; but their progressive elaboration is the key process for the cravings' maintenance. Elaborative and associative processes feed among themselves when the target elicits powerful affective reactions or a keen sense of deficit. Bermis, K. Google Scholar. Best, D. Overcoming alochol and other drug addiction as a process of social identity transition: the social identity model of recovery.

Theory 24, — Cardi, V. Mealtime support in anorexia nervosa: a within-subject comparison study of a novel vodcast intervention. Dossett, W. Addiction, spirituality and twelve step programmes. Work 56, — Fehm, L. Measuring thought control strategies: the thought control questionnaire and a look beyond. Galanter, M. Combining medically assisted treatment and twelve-step programming: a perspective and review. Drug Alcohol Abuse 44, — Hebebrand, J. Hertz, P. Attachment styles and changes among women members of Overeaters Anonymous who have recovered from binge eating disorder. Health Soc. Work 37, — Hyland, M. Ifland, J. Johnson, C. Working with difficult-to-treat eating disorders using an integration of twelve-steps and traditional psychotherapies Psychiatr.

North Am. CrossRef Full Text. Kavanagh, D. Imaginary relish and exquisite torture: the elaborated intrusion theory of desire. Kriz, K. Most of the meetings were too late and the times were difficult for me to attend. I decided to attend the overeater anonymous; this was the only meeting that was open and accommodating to fit my schedule. My motivation to attend this meeting was to have an understanding of what other people are facing when they are fighting an addictive behavior or habit. When I listened to people talking about their issues and their experiences of t overeating;. This meeting was also held at St. We attended a meeting held on a Wednesday from 12pm-1pm.

The meeting was held in the basement of the church and only a handful of people showed up to the meeting. The population consisted of all women who were of similar ethnic backgrounds. Again, overeaters is another program that consists of twelve steps which very similar to those of alcoholics anonymous. There was. Himma 1 Himma argues hacktivism is morally impermissible if and only if it harms innocent people or if the hacktivist stays anonymous in relation to the act, through three premises in Hacking as Politically Motivated Digital Civil Disobedience: Is Hacktivism Morally Justified?

Case study: Anonymous While the motivation of terrorist acts remains the same, the rapid evolution of technique has provided to those that use terror as a method to attain their goals, new weapons with a potential that is not fully quantified. The database, the measures of protection and security, the equipment meant to reassure our safety are exposed to those new types of weapons, the traditional methods of fight becoming impractical. The cyber-crimes are a supplement for cyber-terrorism in what. Hand in hand with one another along with their Guy Fawkes mask marched almost ritualistically to the doors of several Churches of Scientology locations.

Anonymous gave off threats of bombs, murders. The Rise of Hacktivism: a Form of Protest In this day and age living in the era of the computer, it has become more mainstream and common to hear of cyber attacks, and crime being committed on the internet. Activism however, has become a prominent way to protest or argue a political view. Using related technologies and the internet have become a vital way for some to share their views. Anonymous Anonymous is a group whose members are geographically scattered around the world but unitedthrough the Internet, consisting largely of multiple imageboards and forums. Originating in on theimageboard 4chan, the name came from the perceived anonymity of users posting content on theInternet. In its early form, Anonymous was a decentralized online community of people actinganonymously in a coordinated manner, usually towards a loose goal of entertainment.

Beginning in ,the group became. From to , the hacktivist group Anonymous, became prevalent, because pretty much any amateur with a cause what kind of cause could join Anonymous.. But after several group figureheads were arrested, the general public was deterred from participating this hacktivist group. From to the present, the door opened for hacktivist specialists beyond Anonymous, to cause destruction.

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